"You are Ethiopian Until Proven Otherwise":
Report about: Contested Nationality, Ethnic Eritreans and Stateless Persons in Israel
ARDC reports and position papers
"You are Ethiopian Until Proven Otherwise":
The report examines the State of Israel’s collective non-removal policy towards asylum seekers. We focused in particular on the case of the South Sudanese and—following Israel’s decision to no longer apply this policy—its aggressive campaign of arrest and deportation in mid-2012 of 1,038 asylum seekers to the newly independent state. Israel’s motivation to end the application of the non-removal policy was influenced not only by the creation of South Sudan as a new nation, but also inappropriately by political agendas in Israel. Further, the government failed to take into account the troubled situation developing in South Sudan, thereby contravening the principle of non-refoulement, which applies in circumstances where a person’s life or liberty would be threatened if he or she were returned.
This report outlines and analyzes the issues of crime in the area of south Tel Aviv and its casual factors, with an emphasis on issues within the refugee community of south Tel Aviv.
This report was written by Leah McDonnell based on research conducted as part of the ARDC research team, AAA Project.
This is an educational activity created by one of our volunteers to explore Jewish texts and how they can inform us on how to encounter refugees.
This alternative report to the UN human rights monitoring body demonstrates that Israel continues to ignore its international obligations towards asylum seekers and refugees and that various laws, policies and practices are racially discriminatory at their basis against this vulnerable population.
This report is ARDC's responses to the 'list of issues' published by the CESCR in its consideration of the third periodic report of the State of Israel under the the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
This report is released by ARDC to coincide with World Refugee Day marked every year on June 20 and to highlight recent developments in Israel’s refugee situation.
This pack contains detailed information on the issue of African refugees in Israel and the work of ARDC, as well as examples of how these issues can be integrated into youth education. It should be used as a resource for youth movements and educators to introduce these issues into their programs.
Further reading on Israel's asylum regime
This report describes the horrific situation of trafficking of refugees in the Sinai desert, a crisis that started in 2009. The refugees include men, women, children and accompanying infants fleeing from already desperate circumstances in Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan. An estimated 95% of the refugees held hostage in the Sinai (also referred to as hostages) are Eritreans. Smuggled across borders by middlemen, or kidnapped from refugee camps in Ethiopia and the Sudan as well as their surrounding areas, and then captured or sold, the refugees are held hostage close to the Israeli border in inhumane conditions and tortured for ransoms up to USD 50,000.
Numerous African asylum-seekers experience and bear witness to torture, kidnapping, extortion, rape, and organ removal during the journey to Israel. This dissertation explores the ways in which Eritrean asylum-seekers in Israel narrate their experiences of violence in the Northern Sinai desert by human traffickers en route to Israel.
This report details the migration experience and livelihood choices of Sudanese and Eritrean asylum seekers and migrants in Tel Aviv. The research is based on a scoping study conducted in November and December 2010. It provides an overview of Israeli policy toward African asylum seekers, routes taken to Israel, experience with Bedouin smugglers, employment opportunities, legal status, protection issues, and the role of remittances in repaying smuggling debt to family and friends in the diaspora.
Of the over 33,000 African refugees currently in Israel, a considerable albeit undocumented number have had or currently face various experiences of homelessness. South Tel Aviv’s Levinsky Park is one locale in which this reality is most visible. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand the perceptions of Levinsky Park’s homeless African refugees relative to their most important needs, in order to provide a frame of reference by which refugee service providers may more effectively determine and evaluate current and prospective service offerings, and ultimately improve the lives of homeless African refugees in Israel.
This paper analyses Israel‘s response to a recent influx of African asylum seekers, a phenomenon whose nature and scale are unprecedented in Israel‘s history. It addresses three intertwined questions. What are the discursive challenges to the construction of an Israeli refugee regime? What dynamics foster their development? And how can those challenges be explained and deconstructed?
The Global Detention Project (GDP) is an inter-disciplinary research endeavour that investigates the role detention plays in states’ responses to global migration, with a special focus on the policies and physical infrastructures of detention.
During 2010, Hotline for Migrant Workers collected testimonies from 60 asylum seekers, mainly from Eritrea, who were victimized by the smugglers in the Sinai Desert while en route to seek refuge in Israel. Volunteers met the asylum seekers in Saharonim Prison or after they were released from prison. Based on these testimonies, the report reveals the torture the victims underwent, and their everyday lives in the torture camps in the desert.
This paper examines the Israeli asylum regime through the lens of responsibility sharing. It critically analyzes the implementation of this regime, with a particular interest on the impact the regime has on responsibility sharing. It also analyzes the present discourse regarding responsibility sharing, despite its limited scope. Notwithstanding the limited conversation on this issue—both in Israel and in the Middle East generally—this Essay argues that responsibility sharing is a necessary pillar for refugee protection and that it should be considered a central tenet for any nation devising an asylum regime.
The purpose of this document is to set out the process of handling political asylum seekers in Israel, and those who were recognized as refugees by the Interior Minister.
This report details the main components of the Infiltration Prevention Law before its deliberation by the Knesset's Internal Affairs Committee on February 3, 2010. If the law is passed, Israel's obligations to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees will be annulled, refugees who never committed a crime could be jailed for up to twenty years, refugees could be deported to their home countries in a manner that could endanger their lives, and the deeds carried out by aid organization employees and volunteers could become criminal.
The purpose of this UNHCR research paper is to provide a concise and up-to-date overview of the asylum and migration issue in Israel. It outlines the broader features of the Israeli migration regime, the history of non-Jewish migration, a historical overview of asylum in Israel and the different responses to asylum seekers in Israel including the government's policies towards asylum seekers.
The paper focuses on socio-political dynamics in Israel in relation to the increased flow of African refugees and asylum seekers. The main argument presented is that there is an inherent tension between the ethnocentric ideologies and the questions of territorial control that define Israel, and the pressure exerted by NGOs and civil society in relation to the ongoing influx of African asylum seekers and refugees.
This paper aims to be one of the first thorough descriptions of the developing asylum system in the State of Israel. The argument presented in this paper is that, despite the inherent moral and doctrinal differences between asylum and immigration regimes, the Israeli asylum system is essentially an extension of Israel’s immigration and citizenship regime, as it excludes the non-Jewish refugees and frames the refugee as the “other".
In the year 2001, while the world celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, Israel took its first, hesitant steps towards the full implementation of the Convention. Contrary to its declared ethos, Israel had done very little over the years to protect persons being persecuted by reason of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.